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Respected Citizens:
the History of Armenians in Singapore and Malaysia

Size: 245x175mm
Pages: 350; 24 pp. black/white plates; maps,
 tables; bibliography pp. 316-330; index
Cover: softback gloss laminated colour
ISBN: 0-9751082-0-4


Respected Citizens: the History of Armenians in Singapore and Malaysia

Armenians are one of the most scattered races in the world. When conditions for some Armenians long domiciled in Persia, became untenable, they looked for new homes including the British settlements at Penang and Singapore.


Although fewer than 900 Armenians have ever lived in Singapore and Malaysia, they played a significant role in the social, civic and economic life in those nation’s colonial years.


Their achievements were incommensurate with their minute numbers. Four of Singapore’s icons owe their existence to the Armenians – the Straits Times newspaper, Singapore’s national flower–Vanda Miss Joaquim, Raffles Hotel and the Church of St Gregory the Illuminator. In Malaysia, Penang’s E. & O. Hotel and the stock broking firm of A. A. Anthony are testimony to their presence, while the state of Johore owes its anthem to Mackertich Galistan.


Based on extensive research, this book provides a documented social history of this hitherto neglected minority.




Entrepot Publishing

Amassia Publishing

Format: Paperback
Size: 21.8 x 15.1 x 1.7 cm, xviii, 258 pp, 0.570 kg
ISBN: 978-967-14281-1-5
Format: Hardcover with dust jacket
Size: 23.5 x 16 x 2.1 cm, xviii, 258 pp, 0.722 kg
ISBN: 978-967-14281-3-9

William Farquhar and Singapore
Stepping out from Raffles’ Shadow


When the achievements of great individuals are exaggerated, an enormous shadow is cast over the work of their subordinates. This has been the case in accounts of the founding of the British settlement at Singapore in 1819 in which Sir Stamford Raffles has been aggrandised at the expense of Major General William Farquhar. Venerated by contemporary Bugis, Chinese and Indians for his character and accomplishments, Farquhar maintained that he was largely responsible for Singapore’s rapid development and commercial success. But, his claims have been obscured for the most part by the glorification of Raffles.


In this ground-breaking and carefully documented study, Dr Nadia Wright re-examines East India Company records and other historical documents to offer a fresh analysis of the roles of Raffles and Farquhar in Singapore’s founding and development. William Farquhar and Singapore reveals new and sometimes startling insights into the achievements and personalities of both men, and explains why Farquhar was overlooked for so long.

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